OneJustice Opposes Trump Administration Effort to Increase Child Detention
September 25, 2018
[Content Warning: Child Abuse; Immigration]
On September 7, 2018, the administration revealedproposed rules that would dismantle existing protections for children in immigration jails, opening the door for the indefinite incarceration of children. The proposal would specifically alter the terms of the 1997 Flores Settlement, which requires migrant children to be released “without unnecessary delay” to licensed facilities for a maximum of 20 days during an emergency or influx. Children that are subjected to detention suffermeasurable physical and psychological damage — damage that can be nearly impossible to recover from. Child welfare laws, such as the 1997 Flores Settlement, have been specifically designed to provide basic protections for immigrant children in detention and reduce and mitigate harm.
OneJustice firmly opposes any attempt to circumvent child welfare laws like the Flores Settlement.
What would this rule change mean in practice?
Children would be held indefinitely in immigration jails with their parents for weeks or years if the family is detained during asylum proceedings;
Children would be jailed in facilities unlicensed by state or local governments;
Unaccompanied children would be more vulnerable to having their legal protections removed;
Facilities would have broadened emergency loopholes for not meeting standards of care;
Family jails would be expanded to hold 5 times more people;
As a reminder, all of this would take place in the harsh reality that unlike in the criminal context, none of these children or families would have a right to counsel.
Even with the current protections mandated by the Flores settlement, immigration detention centers have been cited for horrendous human rights abuses, “including physical abuse, sexual abuse, blatant medical neglect, the forcible injection of antipsychotic medications, the unlawful restraint of children in distress and harsh rules that prohibit even siblings from hugging one another”according to the New York Times. The elimination of existing protections will certainly make things worse.
In addition to perpetuating and worsening the atrocious detention of children and their families, these changes to the Flores Agreement pave the way for over a 5x increase in families jailed at the US border with Mexico,reports the New York Times. Replacing the existing requirements that family detention centers be licensed by state and federal regulations with internal DHS regulations will result in an untenable situation where these jails will not be required to meet rudimentary humanitarian standards. Oversight of these facilities will be dramatically weakened. The proposed rules to override the Flores Settlement are a violation of the fundamental human rights of children and will increase the inhumane conditions that immigrant children and families are forced to experience while incarcerated.
You can take meaningful action
Make your voice heard. The proposed rule isopen for public comment until November 6, 2018 – use this formal comment period to ensure the administration hears the legal community’s opposition to the proposal, and support for child rights, child welfare, due process and access to justice.
With everything that has happened this summer, we haven’t had a chance to introduce four new members to the OneJustice team! Each of our four new teammates comes to OneJustice with diverse backgrounds and skill-sets and will all be vital to shaping a legal system that brings justice to all. As we do with all new faces, we asked them to answer these four questions:
What drew you to OneJustice’s vision, mission, and strategies?
Tell us a bit about your position at OneJustice and what you hope to achieve?
What was your path in coming to OneJustice?
And please tell us something about yourself that not everyone might know.
I love being part of a team where our number one goal is bridging the gap between underserved communities with providing free legal aid. Whether it is acknowledging the importance and necessity of Pro Bono work to our volunteers or being on the Justice Bus and seeing first-hand how critical our work is. I’m excited to be part of the Pro Bono Justice Clinics team!
Prior to joining the OneJustice team, I had the opportunity to work in D.C. for 6 months. I interned on Capitol Hill for Congresswoman Nanette Barragan (CA 44th) and I was part of the legislative team. During the fall, I was the communications intern for Millennial Action Project; they emphasize the importance of civic engagement to millennials.
I really love Krung Thai (restaurant in San Jose) – they have the best yellow curry and Pollo a la Brasa. Sonoma County and all the beautiful nature it has to offer. Moscow Mules, goldendoodles, and guinea pigs.
I was placed at OneJustice through my DreamSF Fellowship with the City of San Francisco’s Office of Civic Engagement & Immigrant Affairs (OCEIA). OneJustice’s Justice Bus Program intrigued me from the start because I wanted to continue working with immigrant communities in rural areas of California. As an immigrant myself, now a permanent resident, I grew up in a primarily Latinx and agricultural town where I could see that a majority of the population would benefit from the free legal help that organizations like OneJustice provide. Not only does OneJustice provide essential legal aid to underrepresented communities, the staff itself incorporate passion and inclusion into their work.
As the DreamSF Fellow, I am in charge of some of the same tasks assigned to the Program Associates in the Pro Bono Justice team. Through outreach, client scheduling, and preparing client folders, I am part of a team that prepares for the Justice Bus and RJC legal clinics. Through my position at OneJustice, I want to gain more knowledge about both criminal and immigration law, and about the different paths I could take with a law degree.
I am currently a junior at UC Berkeley double majoring in Political Science and Chicanx/Latinx Studies. At Cal, I was the Director of External Affairs for the Latinx Pre-Law Society where I organized a trip to visit the Ivy League Law schools. Previously, I worked for an immigration and employment attorney as a Legal Assistant in both high school and college. I have recently volunteered at East Bay Sanctuary Covenant where I assisted attorneys and paralegals with the preparation of many adjustment of status cases, DACA renewals, and other immigration applications.
I love journaling, reading romance novels (hopeless romantic here), and going on adventures constantly. In terms of food, I can eat Thai food, shrimp, and french fries any day. I love singing to myself, just in case you hear me humming and singing to myself. I also love babies, they are super cute and make my day 10X better!
I work at OneJustice because of my belief that access to legal aid can be life changing, as it was in my family’s experience as first-generation immigrants. I am proud to be part of a team that empowers individuals and communities by promoting justice for all.
Before joining OneJustice, I was a research assistant at the Freeman Spogli Institute where I focused on researching immigration policies and other issues concerning politics and democracies. During this time, my interest in public interest law also developed through my involvement at Community Legal Services in East Palo Alto where I helped document the experiences of survivors of violent crimes seeking asylum. Afterwards, I was a litigation paralegal in a Washington D.C. law firm representing sovereign states in human rights, commercial arbitration, and dispute resolution cases.
At OneJustice, I am a Data Program Associate for the Pro Bono Justice Clinics. I received my B.A. in Political Science from Stanford University.
I love dancing to Latin American music, exploring restaurants in Chicago, listening to rap, learning French, and backpacking in California.
I was drawn to OneJustice’s commitment to equity and justice for all people as a human right, irrespective of their background or socio-economic status. As the child of two immigrants and growing up in the Bay Area, this is not just something I am passionate about, it’s personal. In the words of our founding fathers, “all men are created equally” and should be treated as thus under the eye of the law – something we have lost sight of in recent years. OneJustice is working to reverse this trend, and I am excited to be a part of this change.
In my role as Communications Associate, I will be creating and sharing OneJustice’s story and collective voice through both traditional and digital media. In addition to this, I am looking forward to effectively and concisely articulating all of the wonderful work that my colleagues at OneJustice are doing in order to both maximize their impact, and expand OneJustice’s presence within the civil legal aid community!
Prior to joining the OneJustice team, I served on the communications team of the national anti-poverty policy and advocacy organization RESULTS. At RESULTS, I worked closely with both their global and domestic policy teams helping place media throughout the country, designing graphics and reports, and managing coast-to-coast advocacy/media tours. It was here that my passion for communications was fostered, and I found the power of both effective communications and advocacy. I have also volunteered running an after-school youth program for at risk kids in the East Bay for the past 2 years. I graduated from UC Davis with a B.A. in Economics.
I really love creating things – everything from music, to furniture, to even a car.
Announcing Two New Resources for Legal Services Organizations: Organizational Change Accelerators and Capacity Building Academy
By Roel Mangiliman, Senior Manager of Innovation and Learning
On June 7th, 2018, Stockton Mayor Michael Tubbs illuminated the Julia Morgan Ballroom in San Francisco by asking legal aid lawyers, activists, and their supporters, “What are you prepared to do today so 50 years from now access to justice is not based on access to capital?” It was an electrifying, progressive question – one calling the room to remember the long game, where we win only when we have shifted the underlying and societal conditions our clients grapple with on a daily basis.
As a legal aid support center, OneJustice believes empowering nonprofits is an important step to changing the civil legal aid system. We believe there are certain ingredients to a healthy nonprofit: strong staff, committed leaders, data collection, a culture of equity and inclusion, and a process for innovation and collaboration. These capabilities are crucial to running a nonprofit, but not often taught in law school.
OneJustice offers well-rounded opportunities for legal aid groups to advance how their staff and organizations work. Adding to our menu of support services that already includes the Executive Fellowship program, strategic planning facilitation, equity and inclusion consulting, and board governance training courses, we are excited to launch two new programs starting in October:
NEW: Organizational Change Accelerators: Five-month coaching program in one of three key areas of legal aid organizational development: Pro Bono Program Design and Management; Research and Evaluation; Innovation Methods.
Need: Insufficient resources for strengthening legal aid nonprofits in key areas
Benefits: By completing one of the Organizational Change Accelerators, your organization can be more data-driven, nimble, and collaborative.
Who should apply? Legal aid staff of all levels looking to launch or revitalize a project concerning data practices, pro bono program design or management, or leading team innovation.
Duration: 5 months, one day per month
Start: Varies by Accelerator: Pro Bono starts October 2018; Research and Evaluation starts January 2019; Innovation starts February 2019.
To apply and for more information: onejustice.org/oca
NEW: Capacity Building Academy: a free online learning program dedicated to helping legal services staff develop vital Nonprofit Management and Pro Bono Program Management skills.
Need: Lack of legal aid-specific training opportunities for junior and mid-level staff
Benefits: By participating in the Capacity Building Academy, all levels of staff can learn essential business management skills to develop leadership.
Who should apply? Legal aid staff of all levels
Duration: 3 months, one hour a week
Starts: October 2018 for Nonprofit Management; January 2019 for Pro Bono Design and Management
For application and more information: onejustice.org/academy
by Jess Temple, Staff Attorney for Northern California Justice Bus, and Pete James, Senior Manager of Research & Evaluation
July 22, 2018
Like many nonprofits and legal aid organizations, OneJustice is exploring how we can use data to improve our programs and services. That sure sounds great – but what does this actually look like in practice? Can data really provide meaningful insight to the complex, evolving and collaborative process of program delivery? And most importantly, can these insights actually lead to changes in how programs work on a day-to-day level?
To shed some light on this process, we’re going to describe an ongoing project to evaluate the Northern California Justice Bus project. Launched over a decade ago in 2007, the Justice Bus project takes teams of attorney and law student volunteers from urban areas to set up free legal clinics for low-income Californians living in rural and geographically isolated communities. The theory behind this project is that transferring resources in this way can help to reduce the “justice gap” that has been documented in rural areas of our state.
To begin evaluating Justice Bus, we started with a basic but important question: what types of communities does the Justice Bus actually serve, and to what extent is this consistent with the goals of the program? As is often the case in program evaluation, we had to find precise measures for concepts that we often use in more intuitive ways on a day-to-day basis. For example, do we define the community served by the physical location of the clinic or the surrounding populations from which the clients were drawn? Should we use a binary distinction between urban-rural places, consistent with the Census, or a more continuous measure that distinguishes large metropolitan cores from suburbs and small towns? As you can imagine, a host of thorny problems quickly emerged and we will be employing a diverse range of methods to understand the full picture.
For the purpose of this post, we’ll just share some analysis that provides one perspective on the geographic reach of the Justice Bus in Northern California over the last year. In this analysis, we summarize clinic locations by county and categorize counties using the CDC’s urban-rural classification scheme. In the map below, counties with a darker shade of green are progressively less urbanized, and the number of Justice Bus clinics in each county is superimposed in white. Hover over the each county to see more details.
Using this kind of map enables a form of comparison that is central to evaluative thinking. Rather than just telling the story of the counties that we did serve, it prompts us to consider why we served some counties and notothers. Looking at the map in this way is revealing. The Justice Bus most frequently operates in “medium metro” counties, typified by San Joaquin County. While these counties have large urban areas, such as Stockton, they are distinct from the large metropolitan core of the Bay Area. The Justice Bus also reaches a range of counties with populations clustered in small towns, such as Humboldt and Mendocino, but Glenn is the only county served that falls into the most rural category.
So what does this data mean, in light of Justice Bus’ aim to serve “rural and isolated” communities? This was the question that Pete, as internal evaluator, posed to Jess and her team who run the Northern California Justice Bus. This led to a useful discussion about the logic and logistics that go into planning the Justice Bus. Jess shared that she sees the primary role of Justice Bus as amplifying the work of organizations that already provide services to low-income Californians. Because we partner with local community and legal services organizations to deliver legal clinics, this means that the program is often most successful in areas that already have some of these organizations that can identify local needs that may be well-served through a clinical model. It is therefore challenging to put together a successful mobile legal clinic in some of the most rural regions where there are fewer organizations to act as partners. In practice, it is also difficult to recruit pro bono volunteers to travel to regions that are located beyond a two-hour drive from the Bay Area; commitments at work and at home mean that there is only so far that volunteers can go on a given day. Putting these two factors together helps explain some of the patterns displayed in the map of clinic locations above.
This process illustrates important points about the relationship between internal evaluation and program planning. Using data to reflect on a program can help surface tensions between theory and practice that might otherwise be downplayed as simply the day-to-day challenges of running a program. As we have seen, Justice Bus has focused its efforts on the most achievable objectives; this is pragmatic, but it also means that its geographic reach is more limited than we might hope. A recognition of these limitations is prompting us to focus planning activity within acknowledged constraints and to more directly recognize the importance of non-geographic factors, such as cultivating strong relationships with community partners. It also helps identify opportunities for complementary solutions, for example supporting more regional volunteering networks rather than attempting to provide pro bono services from a distance.
We believe that shifting strategies surrounding our mobile legal service delivery from the intuitive to the data-driven, and uncovering the ways in which the impacts of our programs diverge from our aspirations, are essential to iterating a successful pro bono program at OneJustice. In doing so, we feel it’s important to share our learning early and often: improving access to justice in our state is a collective enterprise, and to make progress we need to communicate not only about our successes but also our challenges.
Staff from Pangea Legal Services Speak Out at Bay Area Rallies
Edwin Carmona-Cruz speaks outside ICE Headquarters at a protest in San Francisco
July 18, 2018
In early July, in response to family separation and the administration’s "zero tolerance" policy, Bay Area communities joined in the nationwide movement to speak out. Many legal professionals joined in the rallies and protests, and some were invited to be speakers. We interviewed two such speakers from Pangea Legal Services to hear their perspective on the movement to stem attacks on immigrants and refugees.
Juan Camilo Mendez Guzman - Immigration Attorney and Director of General Litigation at Pangea Legal Services
What was your initial reaction after speaking at the Families Belong Together Rally in Berkeley?
There was a great turn-out. The organizers did a great job and there were a lot of people, a lot of allies. It’s was pretty encouraging to see. Let’s hope we can turn that into action.
What motivated you as a speaker? What inspired your speech?
Our clients. During the speech, I talked about two current clients of ours still in detention. I talked about Sonia, who won her case, but is still being detained because the government appealed. I talked about David, who was issued a $20,000 bond for his freedom even though he is not a flight risk or a danger. We recently negotiated his bond down dramatically so that his family will be able to pay. Our clients are what motivates all of us here. They are the ones who are really suffering.
As an attorney, how do you see the role of other attorneys and legal professionals at such a tumultuous time in light of this administration and its policies and attitude towards immigrants?
In this climate, attorneys need to be willing to step outside their comfort zone because this administration is changing or breaking the rules all the time. We have to think of creative ways to fight back. And that involves strategies beyond what we've traditionally done. It requires working with the community and taking different approaches — new, original approaches.
What was your initial reaction after speaking at the Families Belong Together - Block ICE protest in San Francisco?
There is so much enthusiasm and support to Abolish ICE but the fight does not end at Abolishing ICE. We must work to release and reunite all of the families impacted by this deportation machine and continue to advocate for a pathway towards citizenship for all 11 million undocumented immigrants in this country, with no criminal carve outs. We must sustain this movement and put our "Like and Shares" into concrete actions. All in all, it has been very moving seeing newly engaged folks out on the streets supporting these direct actions.
What motivated you as a speaker during the families belong together rally? What inspired your speech?
I am a child of immigrant parents from México. It is our social responsibility to advocate for our communities and support the Right to Move for all. My inspiration comes from the resilience, strength and love our communities have despite all of the forces against their existence in this country. Our families need us to act now!
With your role in legal services, how do you see the role of legal professionals at such a tumultuous time in light of this administration and its policies and attitude towards immigrants?
I strongly believe that those in the legal field must use their privilege and access to higher education to stand up and fight back against this administration and their xenophobic policies. Legal service providers, including myself, must support impacted communities so we can achieve real solutions that come from grassroots organizing. The fight for justice does not end in 2020, we must maintain the energy and revolutionary thinking through and through. ¡Sí se puede!
As summer gets into full swing, we would like to introduce our summer student interns in our San Francisco office. This year, we are fortunate to have a Development and Communications intern and two summer law clerks, who will assist with a variety of pro bono projects as well as with the Justice Bus.
Join us in welcoming Clare, Kimy and Swaaliha to the OneJustice team!
Welcome Clare! What drew you to the work of OneJustice and what will you be working on this summer?
OneJustice’s commitment to helping any person who needs legal aid regardless of circumstance or location really resonated with me. Since I was little, I have been volunteering with the homeless in Los Angeles, and I have noticed their lack of access to justice. The United States’ convoluted justice system makes it impossible for anyone except lawyers to understand its procedure. Furthermore, OneJustice helps more than just people with immediate needs. It focuses on trying to fix the source of injustice.
Clare Burgess, Development & Communications Intern
This summer, I am working as OneJustice’s Development and Communications intern. So, I will be assisting the DevComm team with any projects regarding development or OneJustice’s social media presence, such as writing this blog post.
What were you up to before coming to OneJustice?
I am a rising junior at Claremont McKenna College majoring in Government. At CMC, I write for the Claremont Journal of Law and Public Policy; I recently wrote an article comparing nonprofit laws in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Also, this past semester I studied theology and philosophy at King’s College London. And last summer, I had an internship with the U.S. District Court in Los Angeles.
What’s something quirky about you?
I have a twin sister who looks nothing like me.
Thanks Clare! Now, we welcome Swaaliha! Why did you choose OneJustice for your summer clerkship and what will you be doing this summer?
I was first introduced to OneJustice during the SFO protest regarding the Muslim Ban that OneJustice played a huge role in organizing. I had never been apart of a protest of that scale, so watching the information move through the hundreds and hundreds of people that showed up was awe-inspiring. OneJustice also came to Hastings during my first year of law school and did PI/PS Day. So, I interviewed with them.
So, I am on the Pro Bono Justice Clinics team. Since being on the team, I have been to a couple of the clinics through the Justice Bus program. At the clinics, I am responsible for the organizational aspect of the clinics (signing in clients, etc.). I have also been able to help consult and sit down with clients. I assisted with filling out their paperwork, while simultaneously doing the support staff work.
What were you up to before coming to OneJustice?
Kimy Cabrera (left) and Swaaliha Abdul-Rahman (right) – Pro Bono Justice Summer Law Clerks
As a 1L at Hastings, I participated in a few of the volunteer clinics. The best times I have had in law school have been while doing the volunteer clinics. One particular clinic I have enjoyed was LARC that was held at Hastings. So, basically one Saturday each month people from the Tenderloin and all over come to Hastings. We (the law students) do their intake, and then they are referred to legal volunteers for their free legal consultation. I am also participating in the Homeless Legal Services Program, where law students go to homeless shelters and help with their intake. These programs are extremely grounding and helped me connect with people.
What’s something quirky about you?
I was born two months premature, and I am a huge Harry Potter fan. So, one time when I had to write a paper, I titled it “The Girl Who Lived.”
Finally, we welcome Kimy! What drew you to the work of OneJustice, and what will you be responsible for this summer?
In law school, I learned that I really wanted to work in human rights or international human rights because I would be able to make an impact and I would be passionate about it. When I was looking through different summer opportunities, I realized that I wanted to be California specific because I am so grateful, as an immigrant, to be in a state that has been so welcoming. I first heard about OneJustice when Mai, from the L.A. team, came to talk about the Justice Bus at USC. I had been to some of the counties that she talked about, and I realized their limitations of access. I went to the career center to discuss human rights summer opportunities, and they gave me this list from public interest career day with many different organizations. I recognized OneJustice’s logo. I decided to apply because OneJustice seems really in tune with the legal atmosphere and the the needs of the Californian population. I looked online and saw their vast amount of programs throughout California. What really sold the deal for me, though, was their question on the application for clerkships. It was all about cultural sensitivity and equity, which I have come to value a lot in my own life.
At OneJustice, I am on the Pro Bono Justice Team on the consulting side. I am responsible for helping to gather data and outreach towards Pro Bono Managers and Coordinators from different Legal Service Organizations. I have also been working with the Immigration Pro Bono Network on their newsletters, events, website. Mainly assisting with their organizational needs. With that, I’ve also been conducting a lot of case study interviews.
What were you up to before coming to San Francisco for your clerkship?
I do a lot with the International Law and Relations clubs at USC. This last year, I worked as an interpreter for the International Human Rights Clinic. I worked on a human trafficking case with them, which reminded me of all the good I could do as a lawyer. I thought that that was an awesome experience. I also did Street Law, which was a program where we taught high school students about law. I was a high school teacher for a year in the Philippines before law school, so it was cool to revisit that.
Lastly, what’s something quirky about you?
I have very strange hobbies. I like to kayak in a lake near a decommissioned power plant because I love kayaking. But it also makes me feel like I am in a Marvel movie. I also have recently gotten into wood burning, which is like pyrography.
We’re so grateful to have such amazing & talented students joining us to bring legal help to those in need!
There’s been an awful lot going on in the world and within the realm of civil legal aid. And while everyone on the OneJustice team has been putting their nose to the grindstone, we almost forgot to introduce our newest group of team members! The four newest faces at OneJustice all come to us with amazing skill sets and serve in vital roles for the organization. And what’s more – they’re all amazing people. As we do with all our new staff members, we asked them to answer these four questions:
What drew you to OneJustice’s vision, mission, and strategies?
Tell us a bit about your position at OneJustice and what you hope to achieve?
What was your path in coming to OneJustice?
And please tell us something about yourself that not everyone might know.
With that, please welcome Lauren Hipolito, Bruno Huizar, Joel Kim, and Chantilly Rocha!
I realized that my drive and motivation in my professional life was people – helping people, working with people. Working with an amazing group of individuals towards a greater mission, that was what I wanted and with my legal experience, OneJustice was where I knew I should be. I had actually been following OneJustice for a few years and have even applied in the past, but I am a true believer in timing and this time, it all just aligned.
As the Corporate Relations Manager, my job is to build and cultivate meaningful relationships with new corporations, existing corporate partners and law firms to further support our mission, recruit volunteers and broaden OneJustice’s universe and reach.
I went to the University of San Francisco with a major in Psychology and I was told by a professor that everything in law is just a mind game – so that Psychology major has really come in handy in my career. I’ve been working in some sort of legal position since I was 20 years old. I went from being a process server for CPS in the Tenderloin and Oakland to working in a criminal defense/family law firm back home in Stockton after college. After getting my Paralegal Certificate in Stockton, I got a contract job at Google, then at the Hewlett Foundation and after that, Playstation. I wasn’t really sure what type of law I wanted to root down in, so contract positions were a good process of elimination. After Playstation, I was offered a contract position at the U.S. Attorney’s Office here in San Francisco and I was immediately thrown into a world of RICO, gangs, guns, violence, etc. Exciting as all of that was, it was the clients and victims that motivated me, drove me to work harder every day, case by case. After that contract sadly ended, I jumped back into corporate law and knew immediately that that was not where I wanted to be, which lead me to applying to this position at OneJustice. See what I mean about timing?
I really REALLY love Hippos, (because of my last name and elementary school nickname). I also love cooking, I come from a pretty mixed, multi-racial family so we kind of cook a little bit of everything but my favorite dishes are usually Mexican or Filipino. There may be some days when I make the whole SF office smell like adobo or posole, I apologize in advance.
I am a movement builder deeply committed to organizing with directly impacted communities to end the mass detention and deportation of immigrants. I joined OneJustice because I want to transform the legal aid system and ensure all immigrants have access to life-changing resources and legal services.
My position as Program Associate allows me to utilize my personal, professional, and community organizing experience to defend and protect immigrant communities by expanding pro bono legal services to immigrants in deportation proceedings throughout Los Angeles. One of my core responsibilities at OneJustice is working with local nonprofit organizations and law schools to design and coordinate the Los Angeles Pro Bono Removal Defense Collaborative. We are building local and national partnerships to engage and provide training materials to law students, attorneys, and additional volunteers in order to increase pro bono legal services for immigrants in removal proceedings.
Additionally, I am coordinating with the L.A. Raids Rapid Response Network and working alongside immigrant communities to organize against ICE raids and enforcement operations. I hope to achieve a sustainable legal and organizing network that successfully prevents deportations in Los Angeles County.
Prior to joining the OneJustice team, I worked with Lambda Legal where I conducted hundreds of legal intakes and provided information and resources to people living with HIV and LGBTQIA+ communities across the country. I worked alongside the Transgender Rights Project and assisted in coordinating the Name Change Project which provided pro bono attorneys to transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) communities in order to assist TGNC communities amend their identity documents.
I graduated from University of California, San Diego and received a dual degree in Ethnic Studies and Political Science with a focus in International Relations.
I really love art of all mediums, cooking with friends, and collectively reimagining and rebuilding a society where all living beings are in harmony.
Joel Kim – Staff Attorney, Pro Bono Justice Consulting
I work at OneJustice because I believe that all people deserve meaningful access to the legal system. At OneJustice, I pursue innovative approaches to increasing access to justice for all.
As a Staff Attorney on the Pro Bono Justice Consulting team, I work with legal services organizations throughout California to build up their pro bono practices. As a former direct services attorney myself, I know that legal services attorneys work incredibly hard. I want to help these organizations multiply their impact by implementing thoughtful and effective pro bono projects. My current focus has been on developing pro bono networks in different regions throughout the Bay Area. Down the line, I plan to develop training modules and other tools for legal services organizations to create their own pro bono networks. My goal is to assist legal services organizations to develop new pro bono partnerships and improve current partnerships.
Before joining OneJustice, I was a staff attorney with the Homeless Action Center in Berkeley, where I represented clients in public benefits and Social Security disability claims. I also worked as a Public Interest Fellow with the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area, where I coordinated a free legal clinic in collaboration with the GLIDE Foundation. While in law school, I interned with the Christian Legal Aid of Los Angeles, the National Housing Law Project, and LAF. I graduated from UC Berkeley with a B.S. in Forestry and Natural Resource Management. I received my JD from the University of Chicago Law School.
I love podcasts! I listen to KQED’s Bay Curious (weird facts about the Bay Area), NPR’s Ask Me Another (trivia quiz show), and the California Politics Podcast from the LA Times.
I grew up in an neighborhood of immigrants from all over the world and witnessed the legal struggle that my friends and their families endured as they were trying to gain citizenship, green cards, while feeling unsafe of local law enforcement. I wanted an opportunity to help my peers as they were striving to make the most of their life here in America in consideration of the risks and fear my community members faced. One Justice has created a immersive network of law professionals and volunteers to increase the access that so many individuals in California are in need of. We are a team who have the responsibility to work innovatively together in providing meaningful support and legal justice to those in need.
As the Development Assistant, I assist in elevating donor stewardship within our major donor program. I also provide support in managing fundraising efforts – including planning, visual design, and assembling components.
I am currently studying to obtain my B.S. at San Francisco State University. For four years, I served as a board member and class ambassador for the AVID program which encouraged and helped low income students in the community to pursue higher education, and explore their options. During those four years, I also served as a group leader for the CIMAS Leadership Association in Santa Ana and conducted workshops and youth summits to organize community service events and improve team building. My community service revolved around assisting with teachers and academic tutors in the AVID program at a local middle school in Orange County
I really love hiking in Pacifica, bike camping, taking photos, painting, fashion forecast reports, and eating hot cheetos.
On Monday, June 11, Attorney General Jeff Sessions used a rarely utilized power to reverse a Board of Immigration Appeals decision in Matter of A-B- and reject the asylum claim of a woman fleeing 15 years of extreme domestic violence in El Salvador. This decision will have profound negative effects on women seeking protection in the US based on domestic violence in their home countries, as well as minors fleeing persecution from gangs – both of which have been firmly upheld by immigration courts since 2014 as legitimate grounds for asylum.
OneJustice firmly opposes this sweeping move to deny asylum seekers the opportunity to seek safety in the United States.
The woman in Matter of A-B-was brutally beaten (including while pregnant), bashed into walls, and threatened with death at knife and gun point, with no relief from law enforcement. And her abuse did not occur in isolation. Violence against women in El Salvador is extreme – the country sees the highest rates of femicide in the world, with over 500 women murdered (1 in 5,000) in 2016.
Likewise, it is well documented that the majority of those fleeing persecution from gangs in Central America are women and children. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees reports that “gangs routinely threaten and recruit children as young as five or 6.” Many of these children are often offered a horrifying choice: join the gang, or be killed.
Yet these facts and the facts of the case in Matter of A-B- were ignored by the Attorney General, who stated that asylum claims “pertaining to domestic violence or gang violence” should “generally” not be approved. This statement is wide-sweeping and will immediately impact the decisions of asylum adjudicators around the country. It represents an attack not only on refugees seeking protection, but specifically an attack on women and children fleeing violence.
To be clear, seeking asylum from violence is a human right recognized by both international and US domestic law. Moreover, those with valid claims to asylum (in other words, those who are fleeing persecution for one of five reasons) cannot be punished for entering the country illegally. Prior to this decision, immigration courts had long recognized the real threat facing people fleeing their homes in Central America – as well as the threat of violence should they return. The Attorney General’s claim that this decision somehow restores previously “[abandoned] legal discipline and sound legal concepts” is flatly wrong.
Despite the Attorney General’s decision, domestic violence survivors and survivors of gang persecution who meet the legal requirements for asylum must still be provided a fair opportunity to present their individual claims. OneJustice will be tracking the impact of this recent decision and strategically intervening to push back against Sessions’ erroneous and harmful interpretation of the law and support organizations and communities fighting for justice on the ground.
You can stand up for the rights of refugees!
As an attorney, you can represent a woman seeking asylum – including through the following resources:
Or check with your local immigration services providers
As an individual, you can ensure that our policymakers understand the basic principles that underpin American laws and take action to protect the basic human rights of all on US soil. You can also lend your financial support to organizations working to ensure the basic rights of immigrants, and to represent men, women and children in deportation proceedings, including:
The Rural Justice Collaborativeturns five years old today!In celebration of this major milestone, today we wanted to look back on the history and impact of this important and innovative program.
In 2012, members of the Association of Pro Bono Counsel met with then-Vice President Joe Biden to discuss access to justice issues. During the meeting, the Vice President challenged the private sector to increase its involvement in providing pro bono legal help for people in need. Rising to the challenge, APBCo initiated the IMPACT projects (“Involving More Pro Bono Attorneys in Our Communities Together”), a nationwide group of initiatives which seek to engage pro bono resources to increase access to justice for low income people.
One of these projects was the Rural Justice Collaborative (or RJC), which launched in 2013 with funding and support from Cooley LLP and staffing from OneJustice. The first clinic was held five years ago today in Napa, where volunteer attorneys from Cooley LLP and Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP assisted eleven clients with filing and renewing their DACA applications.
Since that first clinic, RJC has hosted 117 clinics that have helped over 1100 people in a variety of legal areas – including immigration, naturalization, DACA applications, housing, and expungement of criminal records. The nearly 1000 attorneys who have volunteered with RJC have provided thousands of hours of free legal help. RJC volunteers regularly travel to rural areas around Northern California, including Petaluma, Oakley, Gilroy, South Lake Tahoe, and Pittsburg Bay Point, among others.
Volunteer attorneys and a client at a recent RJC clinic in Sonoma County
The attorneys who volunteer their time with RJC are simply remarkable. Many, in fact, are repeat volunteers who are happy to help whenever (and wherever) needed. Lusik Gasparyan, who manages RJC in the San Francisco office, enjoys getting to work with the committed volunteers who volunteer with RJC. “I love meeting the volunteers that come to RJC clinics and learning about their experiences and passions,” she says. “They make genuine connections with the clients and treat the clients with empathy and respect.” She goes on to describe one RJC volunteer in particular who, despite working two jobs, comes to every RJC clinic she can. “She greets folks with a hug and a huge smile. People like her make every legal clinic a success.”
RJC’s clinics have been critical in response to the new challenges facing immigrants in Northern California – including the rescission of DACA and the surge in immigration enforcement. Given this need, all of this year’s RJC clinics have focused on immigration legal issues and DACA applications. It’s no exaggeration to say that the legal help clients receive can often have a dramatic impact on their futures. As a recent 19 year old DACA recipient noted at a clinic:
“I wish we could change the current unfair immigration laws, so no family has to feel fear of deportation as I feel. I know I have a bright future…I like to major in computer science and contribute to this society.”
At the end of the day, none of these clinics are about getting the right papers filled out. It’s about the hope, security, and sense of opportunity our clients feel when they walk out the door. We are privileged to stand alongside these Californians who, like the 19-year-old quoted above, are working to build a better future for themselves and their communities.
So today, we want to say thank you to all of the volunteers and law firms who have supported the Rural Justice Collaborative, and to all of the incredible community organizations we have the privilege of working alongside. We’re looking forward to a bright future where we can continue to work together to bring justice to even more rural Californians. Here’s to another five years!
To learn more about the Rural Justice Collaborative, contact Ellie Dehghan, Senior Staff Attorney, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
On Monday, May 7, 2018, US Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced a “zero tolerance” approach to migrants at the US border, including an attempt to prosecute anyone who crosses the Southern border, and systemic separation of children from their parents. OneJustice opposes these policies, which have the potential to destroy the lives of migrant children and families. The Attorney General’s statement represents an un-American deviation from common standards of decency and a violation of domestic and international law.
The right to seek and enjoy asylum is a fundamental human right codified by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and reaffirmed by international, regional and domestic refugee laws around the world. The United States was one of the main authors of both the UDHR and the 1951 Refugee Convention, which reflected the global community’s desire to give human beings a means of escape from atrocities like those seen in World War II.
We seem to have forgotten this past.
In 2014, the UN Refugee Agency conducted a study of 404 unaccompanied or separated children arriving in the US from Central America. This study found that 58% of these children may have asylum claims and thus legally have a right to present themselves to the U.S. Since that time, violence has only escalated in the region, giving women, children and families no option but to face extreme danger to try and reach the Southern border of the United States.
Jessica Therkelsen, Director of the Pro Bono Justice program at OneJustice, condemned the administration’s move: “To greet these migrants with prosecution and family separation is unconscionable, inhumane, and ignores their basic right to ask for asylum.”
Under this new, stricter system, children will be treated as if they were arriving alone at the border and thus processed in a very different system from their parents. This means that any child NOT from Mexico or Canada will be placed with a family member or in a shelter, while their parents wait in detention for prolonged immigration processing. This is despite the fact that, between October and December of 2017, the US government lost track of 1,500 migrant children it had placed with sponsors in that period – with evidence that human trafficking of some of these children had occurred.
At best, the federal government’s new policy violates the basic rights of the child and of asylum seekers, and at worst is complicit in what could become systemic human trafficking.
We call on Attorney General Jeff Sessions to put child welfare and basic human rights at the center of US migration policy, to reverse the policy of total prosecution of migrants at the border, and to reverse the policy of removing migrant children from their parents. We stand in solidarity with our partner organizations across the state who are standing at the frontlines to help immigrants and refugees assert their human rights.